The companies have launched a heat pump solution that allows a atraight swap with conventional gas boiler and means no additional costly retrofitting are necessary beyond the heat pump installation.

The all-electric solution will first be rolled out in the Netherlands this year, with the aim of introducing it to countries with a need for this type of solution in the future.

The high-temperature heat pumps could be suitable for UK housing in suburban and rural areas. They could enable households to swap out their existing gas boilers without needing to go to the additional expense and disruption of changing the rest of their heating system, or installing additional insulation at the same time.

Heating is recognised to account for as much as 37% of the UK’s carbon emissions. Heat pumps are often the best solution to decarbonising heating in suburban or rural areas where properties are dispersed. In densely populated areas, the most cost-effective solution is to capture waste heat, from sources such as energy recovery plants, and supply it to homes and businesses via district heating networks.

Mark Anderson, Commercial and Development Director at Vattenfall Heat UK, said: “The high temperature heat pump solution is innovative, simple to install and could be the solution to help decarbonise homes in the UK that are heated using traditional gas boilers.

“There isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution to decarbonising heating. Removing emissions from heating relies on us making better use of waste heat from all sources and installing the right technologies in the correct locations of the country, where they will be most effective and affordable.”

Research conducted by Vattenfall in the UK last year found that just under a quarter of UK adults are confident they could afford to install a low carbon heating system. The price of the high temperature heat pump will be comparable to current low and medium temperature heat pumps, but without the extra cost of retrospective insulation and/or underfloor heating.